Carrot

Growing Guide

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Where to plant

Fun sun. Soft, loose soil.

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Sow depth

6mm

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Space between seeds / seedlings

5cm

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Row space

5cm

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Size of pot needed (width / depth)

30cm2

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Seedling Sow Depth

1cm

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Best practice

Directly sown

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Germination (days)

>35

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Maturity (days)

112-140

How to Grow

How to grow video guide
From seed

Carrots need soft, loose soil to grow nice and straight.

Before sowing, dig around the soil well to break up any clumps and hard peices)Sow the carrot seeds 6mm deep (shallow from the top of the soil).

From seedling

When seedlings are 5cm high, thin them to 2-3cm apart.

In a pot

Growing in a pot could be a great space saving way (if you don't have a garden).

Just remember that the depth of your pot will define how long your carrots can grow! Ensure a sandy or heavy soil with good structure to allow roots to grow and expand.

From Plant

When seedlings are 15cm high, thin again to 5cm apart.

(The ones you remove will have tender roots large enough to eat!)

Ready to harvest

Start pulling early to spread the harvest and allow remaining roots to grow larger.

Look for lovely orange crowns of your carrots poking up (and pull an exploratory one every now and again)

Collect seed

These root veggies are biennials so seed saving is a two year process.

Pick an open pollinated or heritage variety of carrot for best results.

Once the warm days of spring arrive, you will notice fresh growth sprouting from the tops of your carrots, and the flower stalk will develop in 4-6 weeks.

Carrot flowers look like those of their umbellifer relatives, dill, and caraway.

The green umbels will soon start to blossom into an umbrella-shaped cluster covered with tiny blooms, during which time they will attract droves of beneficial pollinators.

Later in the summer, you will see these umbels dry out and turn brown – and this is the time to harvest your seeds.

Once the seeds are clean, I like to place them in a sieve and rub them against the mesh to continue removing any remaining spikes, and filter out the smaller pieces of dust-like debris, so that it doesn’t go into my seed packets.

And try to pick the healthiest looking plants in order to preserve the strongest sets of genes – don’t bother saving seeds from any diseased or insect infested.

Clip off the dry umbels with pruners and place them in brown paper bags.

Do not pack them in too tightly as they need good ventilation to prevent mold from growing.

Place the bags in a dry spot in your home to allow the umbels to finish drying out.

Alternatively, you can spread the umbels out to dry in a single layer on a screen or other flat surface where they will have good ventilation.

You will know they are thoroughly dry when the plant material is brittle instead of pliable.

Once your flower umbels are dried out, it’s time to remove the seeds.

Separating the seeds from the umbel will allow you to store them in a smaller container, as well as removing chaff which takes up unnecessary space and could potentially harbor mold or diseases.

First, you want to remove the seeds from the umbel.

Get a bowl or plate, place one of the umbels over it, and rub them between your fingers to loosen the seeds from the flower head.

Pick out the seeds from the chaff (the dry seed casing).

After removing large pieces of chaff, then use your fingers to rub the spikes off the seeds.Once the seeds are clean, place them in a sieve and rub them against the mesh to continue removing any remaining spikes, and filter out the smaller pieces of dust-like debris, so that it doesn’t go into your seed packets.Label, place in airtight jar with silica gel packets or into envelopes.

Make sure your seeds are labelled!

When to Grow

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Zone 1 - Cool

January , February , August , September , October , November , December

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Zone 2 - Temperate

January , February , March , July , August , September , October , November , December

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Zone 3 - Subtropical

February , March , April , May , June , July , August , September , October , November

Companion Planting

Tips for Care

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When you sow carrot seed, mix it with radish seed.

As you harvest the radishes, your rows of carrots will be naturally thinned and there will be less wastage of young plants.
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Carrots should be planted somewhere with at least 6 hours of sunshine during the day.
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Liquid feeds every few weeks will promote faster growth.

Be careful not to over-feed, especially with high nitrogen fertilisers
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Make further sowings of carrot at 4-6 week intervals during the growing season.

Pile earth up to cover crowns during growth to avoid green tops on carrot roots.
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Start pulling early to spread the harvest and allow remaining roots to grow larger.

Pests & Problems


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