Water-soaked lesions on cabbage head which expand to form a large rotted mass of cream colored tissue which is liquid underneath
Surface of lesions usually crack and exude slimy liquid which turns tan, dark brown or black on exposure to air
Stunted plant growth; yellow leaves and stems; brown discoloration of water conducting tissue within stem
Root system rotted, mushy and turning black; rotted rhizome gives off a foul odor.
Bacteria are easily spread on tools and by irrigation water; disease emergence favored by warm, moist conditions.
Control relies on cultural practices; rotate crops; plant cabbage in well-draining soils or raised beds; only harvest heads when they are dry; avoid damaging heads during harvest.