Orange

Growing Guide

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Where to plant

Full sun. Well drained soil.

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Sow depth

1cm

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Space between seeds / seedlings

600cm

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Row space

600cm

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Size of pot needed (width / depth)

500-1000cm2

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Seedling Sow Depth

1.5cm

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Best practice

Transplant

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Germination (days)

7-10

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Maturity (days)

730-1460

How to Grow

How to grow video guide
From seed

While any viable citrus seeds you sow can become beautiful, productive plants, hybrid plants—if they produce fruit—the fruit will not be the same in taste or appearance as the one it came from.

This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, it’s just different.

Satsuma tangerines are one of the few citrus plants that bear fruit similar to the parent when grown from seed.

Taking cuttings from parent trees is another great way to speed up this process and ensure you will enjoy the fruit.

In a pot

When planting in a pot, choose a dwarf orange variety (i.e 'Dwark Valencia' or 'Dwarf Navel'.) Choose a pot at least 50cm wide and deep.

Position pot in full sun, and fill with quality potting mix.

Consider placing the pot on wheels if you live in a cold area, so it can be moved to a protected spot during winter.

Dig a hole in the pot twice the size of the root ball.

Remove the shrub from the container, gently tease the roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots.

Position in a hole in the pot and gently backfill, firming down.

Water in well.

Water deeply 2-3 times a week, depending on the weather conditions.

Feed your citrus three times a year with fertilizer or compost (early spring, summer and autumn).

When the tree starts producing, feed weekly with citrus food.

From Plant

Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil.

Enrich soil with fertilizer.

Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil.

Enrich with fertilizer.

If the soil is clay-based, add gypsum and fork in well.

Dig the planting hole twice as wide, and to the same depth as the root-ball.

Gently tease roots from the container, and position in the hole.

Backfill.

Form a raised ring of soil around the base of the tree, and dig a well around the trunk, so that the mound is shaped like a doughnut.

This allows the water to go to where it's needed.

Water in well.

Mulch around the base but away from the trunk.

Water in deeply.

Feed your citrus three times a year with fertilizer or compost (early spring, summer and autumn).

When the tree starts producing, feed weekly with citrus food.

Collect seed

Begin by obtaining a couple of the fruits you wish to propagate.

This is to increase the chance of getting seedlings.

Carefully remove the seeds from the citrus fruit, taking care not to damage the seeds and squeezing them out gently.

Rinse the seeds in water to separate them from the pulp and remove the sugar that clings to them; sugar encourages fungal growth and will jeopardize potential seedlings.

Place them on a paper towel.

Sort out the largest seeds; those which are more white than tan with a shriveled outer skin are the most viable.

You may now plant the seeds or prepare them for citrus seed storage.

To store the citrus seeds, place them on a moist paper towel.

Keep about three times the amount of seeds that you want to plant in case some of them are not viable.

Wrap the seeds in the damp towel and place them inside a plastic ziploc type bag.

Place the bag in the refrigerator.

Citrus seed storage in the fridge will last for several days to several months.

Unlike other seeds, citrus seeds need to stay moist.

If they dry out, it is very likely they will not germinate.

When to Grow

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Zone 1 - Cool

July , August , September , October

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Zone 2 - Temperate

June , July , August , September , October

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Zone 3 - Subtropical

May , June , July , August , September

Companion Planting

Tips for Care

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If planting in a pot choose a dwarf orange variety, such as Dwarf Valencia or Dwarf Navel
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In heavy clay soils, it is best to put time into soil prep.

To check if your soil needs work, dig a hole and pour a bucket of water into the hole.

If it takes more than 30 minutes to disappear, then you will need to improve your drainage.

Consider raising the level of the bed as much as possible with free-draining garden soil, dig in gypsum to help break up the clay and add plenty of compost or fertilizer.
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Remove any small fruit that develops in the first two years - thinning excess fruit when their small will encourage good early branch, stem and foliage growth, and promote better sized and better-tasting fruit in the coming years.
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Research into the best variety for your area and climate!

Pests & Problems


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